Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose (blood sugar) levels are elevated. There are two primary types of diabetes. Type 1 occurs when an individual's immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Without insulin, the muscles of the body cannot access the sugar in the blood for energy. Sugar builds up in the blood which causes a number of complications. If untreated, type 1 diabetes will result in a coma and death.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas produces too little insulin and/or the body becomes resistant to insulin. Eating a healthier diet, increasing exercise, and taking prescribed medications can provide effective treatment of type 2 diabetes.
the effects of diabetes
The most common and most prominent symptoms of diabetes are extreme thirst and frequent urination. As the kidneys try to clear out the excess sugar in the blood, water is also taken from the body and dumped into the bladder. Elevated blood sugar causes complications with circulation as the excess sugar makes it difficult for blood to flow into the smallest capillaries. These circulation issues contribute to many of the other common symptoms of diabetes. Other symptoms include blurry vision, fatigue, weight loss, numbness or tingling in hands and feet.
Fortunately, with current technology for monitoring blood sugar and medications to control blood sugar, diabetics can avoid or delay complications and live a long, healthy life. Without diligent care, diabetes can cause serious complications including kidney disease, heart disease, blindness, and amputations.
There is no cure for diabetes and there is no test that can determine who will develop diabetes. The risk factors for type 1 diabetes are largely unknown. A family history of diabetes and autoimmune disorders increases risk of type 1. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity, age, sedentary lifestyle, a family history of diabetes, and being of African-American, Hispanic, or Asian ancestry.
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Symptoms of Diabetes
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